Chronic Disease Management

Chronic diseases are illnesses that are prolonged in duration, do not often resolve spontaneously, and are rarely cured completely. Chronic diseases are complex and varied in terms of their nature, how they are caused and the extent of their impact on the community. While some chronic diseases make large contributions to premature death, others contribute more to disability. Some may last indefinitely, whereas others may resolve over time
 
Features common to most chronic diseases include
 

  • Complex causality, with multiple factors leading to their onset
  • A long development period, some of which may have no symptoms
  • A prolonged course of illness, perhaps leading to other health complications
  • Associated functional impairment or disability.

 
Following diseases are generally considered as chronic diseases
 

  • Asthma/Chronic obstructive airways disease /Emphysema
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis

 
Patients with chronic diseases are offered to have chronic disease management plan for individual medical problem and team care arrangement with other relevant specialities and Allied health services in order prevent complications.